Transplantology

Transplantology is a Belarus brand and a vital sphere

General information

Transplantology

Transplantology is a branch of medicine that studies the problems of transplantation of organs and tissues, such as kidneys, liver, heart, bone marrow, skin, etc. Transplantology has several directions: 

 1. Xenotransplantation - transplantation of organs and / or tissues from an animal of a different biological species than a person.

 2. Allotransplantation - transplantation in which the transplant donor is a genetically and immunologically different human body. 

3. Autotransplantation - the transplant recipient is his donor for himself. For example, transplantation of human skin in case of burns from undamaged areas to burned ones. 

4. Artificial organs are substitutes for natural organs. 5. Cloning of organs from stem cells.



Kidney transplant

Kidney transplantation (transplantation) operations have been performed in the Republic of Belarus for decades. Close professional ties have been established with the Oxford Kidney Unit and Birmingham Children Hospital. Today, it is possible to carry out all types of renal replacement therapy without exception, which are carried out at the highest methodological level. In total, more than 2,000 kidneys were transplanted, of which more than 1,000 over the past 4 years. Great results were obtained.

Liver transplantation in Belarus

Transplantation issues in Belarus were resolved at the legislative level, which allowed surgeons to accumulate a lot of experience in liver transplant operations, which not all doctors abroad have. The Law of the Republic of Belarus “On transplantation of human organs and tissues” allows liver transplantation from living donors (for example, from one of the parents to a child). In addition, the collection of donor liver is possible from a deceased person. In this case, death is considered an irreversible stoppage of brain activity, in which the functioning of the respiratory and circulatory systems is temporarily supported with the help of medications and assistive devices. For liver transplantation in Belarus, as well as abroad, it is necessary to include the patient on the waiting list after consulting our specialists. After entering this list, a person can stay in a hospital or at home. If the patient is waiting for the donor to appear outside the hospital, he must constantly be online with the staff of the transplant coordination center and be able to quickly arrive (arrive) at the medical institution for the operation. When a suitable donor appears, our specialists will immediately contact the patient in any way convenient for him. The results of liver transplantation in Belarus are generally positive. Thanks to the introduction by our transplantologists of achievements in surgical technique, organ preservation, care and drug therapy, survival rates continue to improve every year.

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